Orton-Gillingham Approach


The following principles are based on the 

Academy of Orton Gillingham Practitioners and Educators

  

PERSONALIZED

  • Recognizing the differing needs of learners.

MULTISENSORY

  • Using all learning pathways—auditory, visual, and kinesthetic

DIAGNOSTIC & PRESCRIPTIVE

  • Monitoring students' responses in order to identify and analyze student’s needs and developing prescriptive lessons based on those needs

DIRECT INSTRUCTION

  • Working to insure that students understand what, why and how material is to be learned

SYSTEMATIC PHONICS

  • Stressing the sound/symbol relationships inherent in the alphabetic system of reading development and writing

APPLIED LINGUISTICS

  • Drawing upon applied linguistics dealing with syllabic, morphemic, syntactic, semantic, and grammatic structures of language and our writing system

LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE

  • Increasing linguistic competence by stressing language patterns

SYSTEMATIC & STRUCTURED

  • Presenting information in an ordered way that indicates the relationship between the material taught and past material taught

SEQUENTIAL, INCREMENTAL & CUMULATIVE

  • Moving from simple, well-learned material to that which is more complex in a logical manner

CONTINUOUS FEEDBACK & POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT

  • Building self-confidence based on success

COGNITIVE APPROACH

  • Students thinking about what is being taught and understanding the reasons for what they are learning

EMOTIONALLY SOUND

  • Teaching directed toward providing the experience of success, as with success comes increased self-confidence and motivation

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